Dysphagia / feeding disorders / picky eaters
What are Dysphagia / feeding disorders / picky eaters?
Dysphagia is the medical term for difficulty in swallowing.

What is the difference between a picky eater, resistant eater, and Dysphagia?

Picky or Resistant Eaters
All children go through eating stages. Between the ages of two and three years old children may demonstrate a fear of new foods which they out grow. Picky or resistant eaters do not out grow their fear of foods.

Picky or resistant eaters may:
          •   Eat only certain food groups. They may refuse to eat one or more food groups.
          •   Demonstrate anxiety, a fear of food, or tantrums when a new food is given to them or placed near them.
          •   Gag or become sick when a new food is given to them.
          •   Want food prepared the exact same way each time.
          •   Require a food to be the same brand.

A child with Dysphagia demonstrates challenges eating or drinking due to decreased muscle strength, range of motion, or sensitivity in the oral, pharyngeal, and/or esophageal phase of swallowing.

Oral Phase of Swallowing – The oral phase of swallowing is a voluntary phase of swallowing. People have to want to put the food in their mouths and chew it into small pieces to swallow. How long it takes people to chew their food depends on the consistency of the food, amount of food in their mouths, and the strength of the muscles in their mouths.

          Some of the signs and symptoms of an Oral Phase Dysphagia include:
          •   Food or liquid may be spilling out of the mouth
          •   Pocketing or holding food in the cheek(s)
          •   Food remaining on the tounge or lips after the swallow
          •   Swallowing multiple times per bite or sip

Pharyngeal Phase of Swallowing – The pharyngeal phase of swallowing is an involuntary phase of swallowing. This is when the food or liquid starts to go through a person’s throat. The larynx or voice box moves up to protect the lungs when a person swallows. This phase of swallowing typically lasts about one second.

          Some of the signs and symptoms of a Pharyngeal Phase Dysphagia include:
          •   Multiple swallows per bite or sip
          •   Coughing during or after the swallow
          •   Facial grimaces during the swallow
          •   Nasal regurgitation
          •   Not ready for the next bite even though there is nothing in the person’s mouth

Esophageal Phase of Swallowing – The esophageal phase of swallowing is an involuntary phase of swallowing.

Achieve Hearing & Rehabilitation helps patients overcome their swallowing disorders. If you or someone you know demonstrates any signs and symptoms of a swallowing disorder please call us at 972-608-0416 to discuss how Achieve can help.

Achieve Hearing & Rehabilitation is a speech and hearing clinic in Plano, Texas. We offer speech language pathology and audiological services for children and adults of all ages. Achieve is in-network with Aetna, Cigna, BlueCrossBlueShield, Medicare, and United Healthcare. We can help obtain information about your policy to determine if services are covered under. Please call us at 972-608-0416.